Genießen Sie im Café Restaurant Big Ben in Wiesmoor urige Pub-Atmosphäre, leckere deutsche Küche und Live-Musik. Der Elisabeth Tower zusammen mit den Houses of Parliament ist sicher eines der beliebtesten Fotomotive Londons, und das zu Recht. Der Blick von der. Okt. Der Big Ben ist eines der berühmtesten Wahrzeichen von London. Direkt neben dem House of Parliament gelegen, ist der Turm in weiten.
The correct name for the tower is now the Elizabeth Tower, since it was re-named in honour of Queen Elizabeth during her Diamond Jubilee year in June However, the whole tower is commonly referred to as Big Ben.
It celebrated its th anniversary in May and it has a long and fascinating history. The story of Big Ben begins in with the devastating fire which destroyed the Old Palace of Westminster.
This disastrous event eventually led to the building of one of London's most prominent attractions and a world famous landmark of the city.
Click Photos for Slideshow. A competition was announced to find the best design for a new Palace of Westminster, also known as the Houses of Parliament.
The successful architect was Charles Barry and as part of his design, he included a landmark clock tower that was to be the largest in the world at that time.
Charles Barry was the chief architect of the Perpendicular Gothic style Palace, but he enlisted the help of Augustus Pugin to design the clock tower.
It is said that this, Pugin's final project, eventually drove him to madness and death. The building of a clock tower should have been a straightforward task for an architect well versed in building churches, assisted by Edward John Dent, one of the best clockmakers in the world.
However, the building of the clock tower to house Big Ben was fraught with disasters and took over 28 years to complete.
There were also countless hostilities, disputes and lawsuits between the parties involved. In short, the building of Big Ben must have provided London newspapers with headlines and scandal for decades!
The building of the clock tower began in with the laying of the foundation stone and it took 13 years to complete.
It is feet high with masonry to the height of the belfry topped with an iron framework. The tower leans slightly to the north west by 8. Within the tower there are three shafts.
The clock shaft houses the weights which hang below the clock room. The second shaft was designed as a ventilation chimney and the third shaft contains the staircase with steps.
The lower part of the tower has several rooms including, for some reason, a prison cell. Edward John Dent was appointed to build the clock mechanism in Unfortunately he died in and his nephew was hastily drafted in to complete the work.
He had to first comply with his uncle's condition that he change his surname from Rippon to Dent. His name is inscribed on the frame of the clock.
The clock mechanism was completed in but could not be installed as the tower was incomplete. At that time it was by far the world's largest clock and is still the largest mechanical clock in existence.
The frame measures 16 feet long and the whole clock movement weighs five tons. The largest of the driving weights, the chiming weight, weighs 1.
The clock originally had to be hand wound and took two men five hours for each of the three trains. Since the chiming and striking trains have been wound by a motor, but the going train is still wound by hand.
Constructing a clock that would be accurate feet above the ground in freezing temperatures or strong winds was quite a challenge.
One of the stipulations was that the clock had to strike the hours accurately to within one second and Denison spent the following years testing Dent's mechanism.
He eventually invented a new type of gravity escapement which led to the clock's exceptional accuracy. To make minute adjustments to the clock's accuracy a stack of old pennies sits on top of the pendulum and occasionally one is added or removed.
Augustus Pugin undertook the detailed design of the clock face and the decoration of the dials. He also persuaded Charles Barry, the principal architect, that 30 feet in diameter would be too large for the clock to work at all and it was scaled down to 23 feet 7 metres.
The white face is made up of individual pieces of white glass put together rather like a jigsaw so that the clock fingers can be maintained from inside the tower by removing various parts of the face.
In , it was decided the new buildings for the Houses of Parliament should include a tower and a clock. The metal was melted down and the bell recast in Whitechapel in Big Ben first rang across Westminster on 31 May A short time later, in September , Big Ben cracked.
A lighter hammer was fitted and the bell rotated to present an undamaged section to the hammer. This is the bell as we hear it today.
There are a several London bus routes that go past the tower, and Westminster Tube station is directly across the road, serviced by the Jubilee, District and Circle lines.
Westminster pier is next to the tower and is served by a number of river bus travel options. Big Ben is one of London's top attractions.
Although the tower is not open to the general public, UK residents can arrange a visit by writing to their MP. Applications should be made in writing, as far in advance as possible, to:.